SAMBA 4 - Misc Development Topics

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General Development Notes

Template Fragments


Complete rewrite of all template fragments

smb.conf Considerations

The smb.conf configuration file can be simplified significantly for Samba 4. Of specific interest are the following new parameters:

Server Services: This parameter is not very well documented, but from what I could find thefollow services can be provided by the Samba daemon: s3fs, rpc, nbt, wrepl, ldap, cldap, kdc, drepl, ntp_signd, kcc, dnsupdate, dns, smb, nmb, winbind. The default for this parameter is: server services = s3fs rpc nbt wrepl ldap cldap kdc drepl winbind ntp_signd kcc dnsupdate dns. Services can be added/remove from the default by a +/- and the service to add/remove. Example server services = -s3fs (remove) +smb (add). Note that the smb, nmb, and windbind services are services equivalent to the older, Samba 3, type services (stand alone daemons). Of specific interest to SME 9 may be the use of the nmb service for WINS support. As we begin testing we may need to enable this service and possibly smb for simple share access.

Server Role: Samba 4 currently only supports the active directory domain controller server role. For now, we'll force Samba config into DC server role, but provide a fragment for expansion later. There is a long explanation behind this, but for now, restriction doesn't hurt us. SME as a DC will provide auth for both domain membership and simple shares by either joining the domain or logging into the server every time.


Need to check and/or modify the following existing fragments:

etc/raddb/radiusd.conf/25modules30smbpasswd:    #  An example configuration for using /etc/samba/smbpasswd.
etc/raddb/radiusd.conf/25modules30smbpasswd:}   passwd smbpasswd \{
etc/raddb/radiusd.conf/25modules30smbpasswd:            filename = /etc/samba/smbpasswd
etc/raddb/radiusd.conf/25modules25mschap:               #  reading from /etc/smbpasswd.
etc/raddb/radiusd.conf/25modules25mschap:               #  If you are using /etc/smbpasswd, see the 'passwd'
etc/raddb/radiusd.conf/25modules25mschap:               #  module for an example of how to use /etc/smbpasswd
etc/raddb/radiusd.conf/65authorization40default:        #  If you are using /etc/smbpasswd, and are also doing
etc/raddb/radiusd.conf/65authorization40default:        #  configure the 'smbpasswd' module, above.
etc/raddb/radiusd.conf/65authorization40default:        ( $ldap{Authentication} || 'disabled' ) eq 'enabled' ? 'ldap' : 'smbpasswd';


Create based new template fragments for this configuration file

Configuration Database Parameters

Default key and property values:

Database name Unique key Property name Default value Possible values Description
configuration SMBD DELETE Delete this key. Replaced by other keys
NMBD DELETE Delete this key. Replaced by other keys
SMB service Existing SMB key properties changes
UnixCharSet DELETE Delete this property
workgroup sme-server User defined
ServerString SME Server User defined
ServerRole DC SA / BD / DC Stand Alone, Backup Domain or Domain Controller
OpLocks enabled enabled / disabled
KernelOplocks enabled enabled / disabled
Level2Oplocks enabled enabled / disabled
AllowDNSUpdates nonsecure
DNSForwarder TBA

The DNSForwarder property is a new property that could be defined to forward DNS requests from the Samba DNS to another DNS.

  • Others (optional): These parameters are meant to take smb.conf inputs as defined the man pages. Defaults for these parameters are the same as the corresponding defaults in the smb.conf man page. Template fragments feed these parameters into the smb.conf file with minimal syntax checking, as it is assumed those who manually input them know what they are doing.

Database name Unique key Property name Default value Possible values Description
configuration SMB
NameResolver TBA The order in which name resolution will take place by the Samba daemon
ServerServices TBA See the server services discussion detailed under smb.conf section
SocketOptions TBA
WideLinks TBA
GuestAccount TBA
GuestOK no yes / no
LogonDrive TBA Drive letter to be used to the login drive when users login to a domain
RoamingProfiles no yes / no
LogonPath TBA
BindInterfacesOnly no yes / no
CaseSensitive yes yes / no
MaxLogSize 50 User defined Samba log size in kilobytes. Default set to 50

KRB5 : Create new configuration dbase entry for Kerberos service in Samba

Database name Unique key Property name Default value Possible values Description
configuration Kerberos
DefaultRealm uninitialized This parameter is built into a template fragment, but we will not define it at default. The template fragment will build the default realm by concatenating the SystemName and DomainName reordered elsewhere in the configuration dbase
DNSLookup false true / false
DNSLookupRealm false true / false
DNSLookupKDC false true / false

Services to Modify

Service name Type Action File Description
smbd Existing
Remove /var/service/smbd
Remove /services/smbd
Remove /etc/rc.d/init.d/supervise/smb
Remove /etc/rc.d/rc7.d/S91smb
Remove /etc/rc.d/init.d/smbd
nmbd Existing
Remove /var/service/smbd
Remove /services/smbd
Remove /etc/rc.d/init.d/smbd
smb New I would have liked to have called this "Samba," but that would have meant changing alot of existing code that looks for "smb"
Create /var/service/smb using smbd as a template. Samba 4 should be started with /usr/sbin/samba -D
Create symlink /service/smb -> /var/service/smb
Create symlink /etc/rc.d/init.d/smb -> /etc/rc.d/init.d/daemontools
Create symlink /etc/rc.d/rc7.d/S91smb -> /etc/rc.d/init.d/e-smith-service


Samba 4 includes an builtin DNS server that is required for proper operation of active directory. This internal DNS server is for AD functions only and does not provide caching DNS functions.

SME Server 9.0 includes a caching DNS (djb dnscache) that listens for DNS requests on the LAN IP address and the localhost. This caching DNS then routes DNS requests for domains defined in the server-manager to tinyDNS and other requests to a resolving dns cache (djb dnscache.forwarder).

One approach for DNS architecture with Samba 4 would have samba 4 primary dns requests to LAN clients, forwarding to the dnscache.forwarder service. The primary dnscache instance and tinydns would then be obsoleted.


Need to look at the LDAP authentication backend and mechanism on SME. On the surface, it looks like all of the Samba related LDAP code will be dropped and much of the standard authentication code will need to be converted to Active Directory auth. This task should include looking at openldap-proxy.

Local and Samba Authentication

  1. Local Authentication: Samba 4 provides support for local authentication through PAM. This will need to be looked and and sorted out, especially as it relates to the previous LDAP authentication work. Consider replacing with SSSD.
  2. Updates to esmith::util perl module: This perl module contains function for setting and modifying user passwords. We will need to redesign these functions to integrate with AD. Specific changes:
    • setSambaPassword function: This function needs to be completely re-written to set the Active directory password instead of the old samba password in smbpasswd
    • cancelSambaPassword function: Needs to be re-written for active directory instead of old smbpasswd file
    • local password functions: We need to look at these once we decide how we are going to handle local authentication on SME with Active directory.
    • ldapPassword function: Need to look at this and likely deprecate it, as we will likely set active directory passwords differently.

Home directories and Homes Share

Samba 4 changes the way Samba used to handle home directories.

  1. Samba 4 does not use the [homes] share with the [home] share.
  2. With respect to the [home] share, Samba 4 currently does not expand the %S variable in the smb.conf file due to a bug with Samba 4. Therefore, this will not work for us to share home directories: /home/e-smith/files/users/%S/home. Instead, we may be able to use this: '/home/%WORKGROUP%/%ACCOUNTNAME% and them link (symlink/hardlink) this to our current home directory structure so that we can share the home dirs via samba.
  3. We need to look at the "template homedir" configuration parameter in smb.conf and/or SSSD, as this may allow us to create home directories easier on a new user create event.
  4. The Samba active directory includes two attributes for home directories: homeDirectory (used by windows) and unixHomeDirectory(used by *nix). The current unixHomeDirectory attribute doesn't seem to be fully utilized by Samba.
  1. Good thread on the topic:

Other Development Tasks to Research and Complete

  1. Domain Server-Manager Panel: A new Domain server-manager panel should be developed and the workgroup panel removed. Further discussion will need to take place to determine what needs to go into this new panel. This panel will likely be fairly simple, as much of the configuration parameters associated Samba Active directory will be incorporated into template fragments and database entries.
  2. User/Group Server-Manager Panels: These panels will need to be looked at as they relate to template fragments, adjusting services, and updating database entries associated with Samba.
  3. Ibay Server-Manager Panel: This panel will need to be looked at as it relates to template fragments, adjusting services, and updating database entries associated with Samba.
  4. Events/Actions': Existing events and actions related to samba will need to be reviewed and updated accordingly. A new event/action may need to be developed to provision a new Active Directory Domain using the Samba-Tool utility.
  5. e-smith-samba: This package needs to be updated with development pieces detailed in this wiki page, for wider testing and development assistance.