SME Optimizer is an external service that generally enhances the functionality and efficiency of the e-mail system in SME Server.
SME Dedicated DNS Blacklist
The first functionality is a SME dedicated DNS Blacklist which is partially based on the user contributions. With SME Optimizer you provide data about your spam rejects and in return you get access to a large DNS blacklist. This blacklist is both providing IP as well as URI based lists and comes as a configuration option to SpamAssassin. The DNS Blacklist has as of today (October 2016) around 1.4 mio. Spam, Malware and Ransomware IP addresses as well as around 350,000 URIs. These will be provided as part of the DNS Blacklist.
The second functionality is remote monitoring of your SME server. The system will on a daily basis check whether your server (it IP address) is listed in international DNS blacklist. Further more it will on an hourly basis check whether your server for SMTP availability.
The system will (currently only on SME 9.2) check file attachments hashes up against a DNS based system. This will allow an extra check beyond the build-in ClamAV as this check contains malicious file hashes found by other AV engines. This functionality requires you to register for a free VirusTotal public API and configure the system to use it. This means that your system will, in the background, build up the has databases and all other users will benefit. This is currently in Beta, so reach out if you want to participate.
The next planned functionality is:
- Your suggestions... let me know...
mkdir /usr/local/smeoptimizer cd /usr/local/smeoptimizer wget -q http://smeoptimizer.com/SMEOptimizer.pl.updated -O SMEOptimizer.pl chmod +x SMEOptimizer.pl
Now make sure to install the two Perl modules which is not part of the SME core but can be downloaded from the epel repository. If you cannot get them at epel, then see download instructions below.
yum install --enablerepo=epel perl-Digest-MD5-File perl-JSON
Create and configure the MySQL database
mysqladmin create smeoptimizer mysql smeoptimizer
Now configure the database which will be used for configuration and logging.
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON smeoptimizer.* TO 'smeoptimizer'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; EXIT
Now initialize which will start the cron jobs that checks for new functionality and reports spam. Notice that each individual server need to be registered with its SME server unique ID.
There is no further need for configuration or installation as the SMEOptimizer script automatically will get and install the qpsmtpd plugin that handles capturing the rejected spam messages and also the SpamAssassin configuration file which contains the DNS blacklist configuration. All action will be logged in the /var/log/smeoptimizer.log file.
SMEOptimizer will from remote monitor whether your server is online by on a regularly basis checking access to SMTP. SMEOptimizer will also on a daily basis check whether your server has been listed in a international DNS Blacklist. Currently the daily check is up against ~80+ different blacklists. If your server experience SMTP problems or gets listed in a DNS blacklist you will receive an alert from the system.
When a server is seen in a DNS blacklist, the admin will get the following type of e-mail:
When (and if) the server is not listed anymore, another mail will be sent to the administrator notifying about the release.
Check Status of SMEOptimizer
You can check the current status by issued the command line option --status
# ./SMEOptimizer.pl --status
Contact Email : email@example.com Alerts : Yes Spam Reports : 87 Registered : 2016-10-07 16:03:52 Last SpamReports : 2016-10-09 18:23:02 Attachment Filter : Enabled
You can always see the different configuration options by issuing the --help command.
# ./SMEOptimizer.pl --help
Command line options: -help: Shows this help -initialize: Register and retrieve the configuration and enable the cronjob services. When the registration has been confirmed, then all services will be activated automatically. -status: Shows the current status of the SME Optimizer. -alerts=[Yes|No]: Enable checks and alerts for SME server downtime or registration in DNS Blacklist - default Yes. -contact=[Email]: Set the contact email address where alerts are sent to - default admin@<your domain>. -VTAPI=[API Key]: This is the VirusTotal public API key used to check attachments (will remain local).
- Question: What is transferred from my server to the central server as part of the spam report that is used to build the DNS Blacklist?
- Answer: The qpsmtpd plugin captures the sender domain and the sending ipaddress, the qpsmtpd plugin which rejected the mail and the plugins return text.
If you want to uninstall the script again then please just remove the following files and expand templates.
rm -rf /usr/local/smeoptimizer rm /etc/e-smith/templates/etc/crontab/smeoptimizer.cron.template rm /etc/e-smith/templates/var/service/qpsmtpd/config/peers/0/01smeoptimizer rm /etc/mail/spamassassin/smeoptimizer.cf rm /usr/share/qpsmtpd/plugins/smeoptimizer /sbin/e-smith/expand-template /etc/crontab /sbin/e-smith/expand-template /var/service/qpsmtpd/config/peers/0 sv t spamd sv t qpsmtpd
RPM Download instructions
If you do not use the epel repository, then the needed Perl modules can be downloaded here.
For SME 8.x
wget http://smeoptimizer.com/downloads/SME8/perl-Digest-MD5-File-0.07-1.el5.rf.noarch.rpm wget http://smeoptimizer.com/downloads/SME8/perl-JSON-2.50-1.el5.rf.noarch.rpm yum localinstall perl-Digest-MD5-File-0.07-1.el5.rf.noarch.rpm perl-JSON-2.50-1.el5.rf.noarch.rpm
For SME 9.x
wget http://smeoptimizer.com/downloads/SME9/perl-Digest-MD5-File-0.07-1.el6.rf.noarch.rpm wget http://smeoptimizer.com/downloads/SME9/perl-JSON-2.50-1.el6.rfx.noarch.rpm yum localinstall perl-Digest-MD5-File-0.07-1.el6.rf.noarch.rpm perl-JSON-2.50-1.el6.rfx.noarch.rpm